Misusing Darwin: How Misunderstanding “Survival of the Fittest” Makes us Unfit for Survival

By Madronna Holden “Never use the words higher and lower”. — Charles Darwin, notebooks “Perhaps there is no coincidence that amoeba, insects, animals, the human culture and society, generally follow innate rules of cooperation. Darwin’s explanation of evolution as a struggle for existence needs to be tempered with an acknowledgment of the importance of cooperation […]


Ecofeminism: an Outline By Madronna Holden Ecofeminists express a variety of theoretical dimensions, but they share the following understandings: Feminist and ecological perspectives are interdependent. One cannot ensure the liberation of women without re-valuing the natural world, which Western tradition has connected with the “feminine”. In turn, the destruction of the natural world has gone […]